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Tomas Luis Victoria

Composer

Tomas Victoria

Born: 1548 Died: 1611

The dominating figure of sixteenth century Spanish music, Tomas Luis de Victoria was born in Avila. He was sent to Rome to study, possibly for a time under Palestrina during the latter's years at the Roman Seminary. In 1571 he succeeded Palestrina there as choirmaster, a post he also subsequently occupied at the Jesuit Order's German College. Later he became active as a priest, working at St. Girolamo della Carita. Following his return to Spain in 1585, Victoria served the Empress Maria and her daughter as teacher, organist, and choirmaster until his death in 1611.

By the time Victoria arrived in Rome, the conservative ecclesiastical establishment and the Council of Trent had ensured that any musical hint of the "lascivious or the impure" was largely banished (Palestrina was even moved to dismiss his publication of secular madrigals as a youthful peccadillo). It is therefore not surprising to find that Victoria's output consists solely of religious music that eschews even the use of secular cantus firmus, and that displays the formal perfection and the well-smoothed vocal writing of the Palestrina style. What is surprising is that despite his Roman training and years of service in the city, Victoria so strongly retained his Spanish roots. Some of his finest works were composed after his return home, and many of them contain features that seem to epitomize the deeply mystical approach of so much Spanish Renaissance music. Comparison with Palestrina reveals a greater emphasis on chromatic color and use of dynamic contrast; Victoria's block harmonies and multiple choirs look forward to the Baroque. His response to words is acute and highly personal, a characteristic particularly suited to the comparatively dynamic and plastic form of the motet and to other texts which allow full rein to subjective treatment. Of Victoria's 44 motets, the early four-part O quam gloriosum can perhaps be allowed a special mention, since it is pervaded by a youthful vigor and joyous radiance that gives lie to the understandable impression that Spanish Renaissance composers were preoccupied with somber religious subjects. His widely performed Christmas motet, O magnum mysterium, exudes a quiet sense of wonder. Victoria's fame as a motet composer has tended to overshadow his masses, yet at their finest, as in the lovely Missa Ave maris stella, they are not inferior to those of Palestrina.

To discover Victoria at his greatest, however, one must ultimately return to the darker side, and in particular to the two works by which he is best known, the Tenebrae Responsories (first published in 1585) and the Requiem of 1605, a work of timeless serenity. The former is a setting of 18 pieces that adhere to the traditional form of the responsory, with its alternation of verse and refrain. The work takes us through the Passion story in music that relies not so much on the drama of the events themselves as on a quite extraordinarily direct and profound response to the text, a response frequently achieved by means of the greatest simplicity, or, perhaps more accurately, apparent simplicity.

Discography (See list of Compositions.)

Displaying 1-5 of 5 items.


Exon Singers : Victoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation

Review: The Spanish master of the golden age of polyphony, Tomas Luis de Victoria, left an astoundingly beautiful legacy of antiphonal sacred music devoted to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Realised for the very first time here by The Exon Singers is a Vespers for the Annunciation, bringing together these works of Marian devotion in a glorious and revelatory celebration.

Songlist: Deus, In Adiutorium, Meum Intende, Missus Est Gabriel, Dixit Dominus, Missus Est Gabriel, Ave Maria, Laudate Pueri Dominum, Ave Maria, Ne Timeas Maria, Laetatus Sum, Ne Timeas Maria, Dabat Ei Dominus, Ecce Virgo Concipiet, Angelus Domini Nuntiavit Mariae , Ave Maris Stella, Ave Maria Gratia Plena, Gabriel Angelus, Magnifica anima Mea, Gabriel Angelus, Dominus Vobiscum, Benedicamus Domino, Regina Coeli, Gaude Et Laetare, Deus, Qui Per, ResurrectionFilii, Kurie Eleison

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8428c | 00 1 CD | $15.95 | Some a cappella


Oxford Camerata : Victoria: Anthems

Review: O quam gloriosum and O magnum mysterium are both early motets, published in 1572, and are amongst the best loved in his output. Written for the feasts of All Saints and the Circumcision respectively they both lend themselves well to adaptation into "parody" Masses. Material in O quam gloriosum for instance comes in easily delineated sections which can be lifted entire - Victoria particularly likes the motive on "quocumque ierit" which ends several sections of the Mass; he does however leave the startling first three bars of the motet completely alone. Why Victoria should have been so fond of the parody technique in general (only one of his twenty Masses is free-composed) is difficult to say - a clue may lie in the fact of his republishing many of his old works in new volumes, and he is unusual among contemporaries in having almost all of his output published in his lifetime. He was not altogether the otherworldly innocent he made out. But Victoria was far from just a talented, functional composer. The intensity of works such as Ardens est cor meum has led to frequent comparisons with another child of the Counter-Reformation, El Greco. Adapting the words of Mary Magdalene when she discovers the tomb empty on Easter morning, it translates into a personal plea for spiritual revelation. This passionate style is also evident in Versa est in luctum by Alonso Lobo, a Spanish contemporary and regarded as an equal by Victoria. It was written for the funeral of Phillip II of Spain, and sets a movement from the Requiem Mass.

Songlist: Ave Maria, Missa O magnum mysterium:, -Kyrie, -Gloria, -Credo, -Sanctus, -Agnus Dei, -O magnum mysterium, Missa O quam gloriosum, -Kyrie, -Gloria, -Credo, -Sanctus, -Agnus Dei, -O quam gloriosum, -Ardens est core meum, Alonso Lobo: Versa est in luctum

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8757c | 00 1 CD | $9.95 | A CappellaEarly Music CDs


Sixteen : Tomas Luis de Victoria - Requiem 1605

Review: This new recording features the celebrated Requiem of 1605, Victoria's final composition, a work of beguiling beauty and sumptuous simplicity. It can be seen as the summation of both his art and the Spanish Renaissance tradition. The beautiful plainsong on which it is structured can be heard arching through the texture, forming a delicate and sinuous line throughout. Subtly accompanied by a chamber organ and bajon, it is recorded here with the same forces as may well have performed it originally in the Monasterio de las Descalzas Reales. The Requiem is preceded by Marian Antiphons interspersed with three motets setting texts from the Song of Songs.

Songlist: Salve Regina, Ave Regina caelorum, Nigra sum, Quam pulchri sunt, Trahe me post te , Ave Regina caelorum a, Taedet animam meam, Missa pro defunctis a 6 Introit, Kyrie, Gradual, Offertory, Sanctus & Benedictus, Agnus Dei , Communion, Funeral motet: Versa est in luctum, Responsory: Libera me

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7911c | 00 1 CD | $16.98 | A CappellaEarly Music CDs


Sixteen : Victoria - The Call Of The Beloved

Review: The great Spanish composer and priest, Victoria, devoted his life to writing supremely uplifting and intense music throughout the church calendar. The Call of the Beloved includes some of the earliest triple-choir music ever to be published and is a reminder of Victoria's joyous and passionate music, complementing his more austere Requiem and music for Holy Week. "If one can ever achieve complete emotional expression through the power of music, then here it is." - Harry Christophers. "This is a beautifully prepared and rewarding recording that deepens our appreciation of one of the greatest masters of the renaissance." - Gramophone

Songlist: Motet: Laetatus sum a 12, Missa: Laetatus sum a 12, Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus , Benedictus , Agnus Dei , Hymn: Veni creator spiritus a 4 , Motet: Vadam et circuibo civitatem a 6 , Motet: Vidi speciosam a 6, Hymn: Ad caenam Agni providi a 4, Magnificat Sexti toni a 12

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7006c | 00 1 CD | $15.98 | A CappellaEarly Music CDs


Tenebrae : Requiem Mass 1605

Review: Tomas Luis de Victoria s requiem mass for six voices, written in 1603 and published in 1605, is a masterpiece. It is one of a handful of large-scale works which enjoys mainstream appeal in the 21st century. For many, it represents what Renaaissance polyphony is, what it sounds and feels like, and how expressive it can be. The disc also features two well-known works by Victoria s contemporary Alonso Lobo. The performance comes from the renowned professional chamber choir Tenebra, led by Nigel Short, following their recent BBC Music Magazine nominated recording of Francis Poulen s Figure Humaine.

Songlist: Lesson: Taedet anima mea, Introit: Requiem aeternam , Kyrie, Gradual: Requiem aeternam, Offertory: Domine, Jesu Christe, Sanctus & Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Communion: Lux aeterna, Motet: Versa est in luctum, Responsory: Libera me, Domine, Lamentations Ieremiae Prophetae

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5981c | 00 1 CD | $16.95 | A Cappella

Compositions ( See Discography.)

Displaying 1-50 of 177 items.

Song NameArrangerComposerArtistRecording TitleFormat
-Agnus DeiTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-Agnus DeiTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-Ardens est core meumTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-CredoTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-CredoTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-GloriaTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-GloriaTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-KyrieTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-KyrieTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-O magnum mysteriumTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-O quam gloriosumTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-SanctusTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
-SanctusTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Agnus Dei Tomas Luis de VictoriaSixteenTomas Luis de Victoria - Requiem 1605 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Agnus Dei Tomas Luis de VictoriaSixteenVictoria - The Call Of The Beloved 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Agnus Dei I, II & IIITomas Luis de VictoriaTallis ScholarsRequiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
Alma Redemptoris Mater Tomas Luis de VictoriaCambridge SingersLighten Our Darkness: Music for the Close of Day 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
Alma Redemptoris MaterTomas Luis de VictoriaChanticleerMagnificat 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Alma Redemptoris MaterTomas Luis de VictoriaChanticleerPortrait 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Alonso Lobo: Versa est in luctumTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Angelus Domini Nuntiavit Mariae Tomas Luis de VictoriaExon SingersVictoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Antiphona: Magi viderunt stellamTomas Luis de VictoriaLa ColombinaChristmas in Spain 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaTomas Luis de VictoriaRodolfus ChoirA Choral Christmas 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaTomas Luis de VictoriaDale Warland SingersA Rose In Winter 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaTomas Luis de VictoriaOrphei DrangarChristmas Music 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaTomas Luis de VictoriaJohn Rutter (Editor)European Sacred MusicSongbookMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaTomas Luis de VictoriaRagazzi Boys ChorusMagnificat - My Spirit Rejoices 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaTomas Luis de VictoriaVoz en PuntoMexico en Navidad 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave Maria Tomas Luis de VictoriaVoices of AscensionMysteries Beyond - In Praise of Mary 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaTomas Luis de VictoriaExon SingersVictoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaTomas Luis de VictoriaExon SingersVictoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaTomas Luis de VictoriaOxford CamerataVictoria: Anthems 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave Maria for double choirTomas Luis de VictoriaTallis ScholarsChristmas with The Tallis Scholars 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
Ave Maria for double choirTomas Luis de VictoriaTallis ScholarsEssential Tallis Scholars 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave Maria for four voicesTomas Luis de VictoriaTallis ScholarsChristmas with The Tallis Scholars 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
Ave Maria Gratia PlenaTomas Luis de VictoriaExon SingersVictoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MarisTomas Luis de VictoriaLionheartPalestrina: Soul Of Rome 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave Maris StellaTomas Luis de VictoriaExon SingersVictoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave Regina Caelorum Tomas Luis de VictoriaCambridge SingersLighten Our Darkness: Music for the Close of Day 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
Ave Regina caelorumTomas Luis de VictoriaSixteenTomas Luis de Victoria - Requiem 1605 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave Regina caelorum aTomas Luis de VictoriaSixteenTomas Luis de Victoria - Requiem 1605 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Benedicamus DominoTomas Luis de VictoriaExon SingersVictoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Benedictus Tomas Luis de VictoriaSixteenVictoria - The Call Of The Beloved 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Blustery DayTomas Luis de VictoriaMinnesota Boychoir35th Anniversary 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Communio: Lux aeternaTomas Luis de VictoriaTallis ScholarsRequiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
CommunionTomas Luis de VictoriaSixteenTomas Luis de Victoria - Requiem 1605 1 CDMORE DETAILS
CredoTomas Luis de VictoriaSixteenVictoria - The Call Of The Beloved 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Dabat Ei DominusTomas Luis de VictoriaExon SingersVictoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Deus, In AdiutoriumTomas Luis de VictoriaExon SingersVictoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Deus, Qui PerTomas Luis de VictoriaExon SingersVictoria - Second Vespers of the Fest of the Annunciation 1 CDMORE DETAILS
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