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Giuseppe Verdi

Composer

Giuseppe Verdi

Born: 1813 Died: 1901

Giuseppe Verdi was born Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi on October 10, 1813, in Le Roncole di Busseto, Parma, Italy. His parents were landowners and innkeepers. Young Verdi received his first organ lessons at the age of 7. He studied composition privately with Ferdinando Provesi in Busseto. At age 20 he moved to Milan to continue his studies, but the Conservatory of Music rejected him. Verdi took private lessons and associated with Milan's cultural milieu in his pursuit of a musical career. He was patronized by Antonio Barezzi, a merchant, whose daughter, Margherita, was Verdi's student and later became his wife.

His first opera, Oberto (1839), was a successful production by Milan's Theatro La Scala. While Verdi continued working on his second opera, his wife and two children died. The second opera failed, and he suffered a depression and vowed to quit musical career. La Scala impresario, Merelli, persuaded him to write a third opera. Nabucco (1842) made Verdi famous. He followed the Bel Canto style of Gaetano Donizetti and Vincenzo Bellini. Verdi's best operas were based on plays by Victor Hugo, such as 'Ernani' (1844) and 'Rigoletto' (1851). In 1853 Verdi 's masterpiece 'La Traviata' was produced in Venice. It was based on 'The Lady of the Camelias', a play by Alexandre Dumas, fils. At that time Verdi became familiar with the music of Russian composer Mikhail Glinka who was popularized in Europe by Franz Liszt. The music of Mikhail Glinka had certain influence on Verdi's later operas.

In 1861 Verdi wrote 'La forza del destino' commissioned by the Imperial Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia, upon the recommendations by Aleksandr Borodin. It was performed with great success in 1862, and became part of a standard operatic repertoire ever since. His grand-opera 'Aida' (1871) was premiered in Cairo as part of the celebrations of the opening of the Suez Canal, and became an instant success. In his later operas Verdi turned from the style of Bel Canto to more expressive music and orchestration, like in 'Otello' (1887), based on the eponymous play by Shakespeare. Verdi's last and musically most brilliant, rich and expressive opera, 'Falstaff' (1893), was based on the Shakespeare's play "The Merry Wives of Windsor" in the adaptation of Victor Hugo.

Verdi's musical success coincided with the political events of Italian unification during the Austrian occupation. The 'Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves' from his opera 'Nabucco' (1842), became a popular song among supporters of Italian unification. Many of his opera performances were used by the supporters of Victor Emmanuel to shout "Viva Verdi" as a code name for a secret unification message. The name Verdi was used as acronym for "Vittorio Emanuele Re D'Italia" - Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy. Such a code enabled clandestine partisans of Victor Emmanuel, then the King of Sardinia, to gain more supporters in Milan which eventually led to the unification of Italy. Verdi was aware that his popular operas and his name was used as a political tool. Austrian censorship was powerless.

In 1861 Victor Emmanuel became the King of Italy in Turin. From 1861-1865 Giuseppe Verdi was elected representative of Busseto in the newly formed Italian parliament. After Garibaldi's military campaign the capital was moved to Florence, then to Rome, and Verdi returned from politics to music. He lived in Milan during the last years of his life. He was revered and honoured all over the world, and was much visited by his admirers. He died on January 27, 1901, in Milan, and was laid to rest at the Casa di Riposo, a retirement home for elderly musicians that was established by Verdi himself.

Verdi's music was used in hundreds of film scores. His operas has been the staples of operatic repertoire. His canzonas "La donna e mobile" from opera 'Rigoletto' (1851) and "Libiamo ne'lieti calici" (Drinking song) from 'La Traviata' (1853) has been popular concert numbers in performances by the three tenors: Luciano Pavarotti, Placido Domingo, and Jose Carreras.

Discography (See list of Compositions.)

Displaying 1-8 of 8 items.


Giuseppe Verdi : Cantolopera - Arias for Baritone

Review: From Un ballo in maschera: Alzati!... Eri tu che macchavi quell'anima - from Ernani: Gran Dio!... Oh de' verd'anni miei - from Macbeth: Pieta, rispetto, amore - from Nabucco: Dio di Guida! - from Otello: Vanne, la tua meta...Credo in un Dio crudel - from Rigoletto: Cortigiani, vil razza dannata - from La traviata: Di Provenza il mar, il suol - from Il trovatore: Tutto e deserto...Il balen del suo sorriso.

Songlist:

Voicing: Baritone
Style: Opera

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5038b | Solo Songbook & CD | $24.95 | SoloBaritone Voices


Giuseppe Verdi : Cantolopera - Arias for Soprano

Review: Cantolopera is a series that proposes a totally new way to approach the great opera repertoire: versions for voice and piano of the most famous arias, accompanied by a compact disc containing the corresponding orchestral bases, recorded with a 130-piece orchestra, to allow the professional, the student and the opera fan to practice, as well as a version sung by an established artist for reference. Each volume contains the lyrics of the arias plus a short summary and background information on the 'Compagnia d'Opera Italiana' Orchestra and the performers.

Songlist:

Voicing: Soprano
Style: Opera

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8565b | Solo Songbook & CD | $24.95 | SoloSoprano Voices


Giuseppe Verdi : Cantolopera - Arias for Soprano Vol. 2

Review: Includes a CD with a full performance with orchestra, as well as a fully-orchestrated accompaniment track. Contains the lyrics of the arias, plus a short plot summary and background information on the orchestra and the performers.

Songlist:

Voicing: Soprano
Style: Contemporary Christian

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5529b | Solo Songbook & CD | $29.95 | SoloSoprano Voices


Giuseppe Verdi : Cantolopera - Arias for Tenor

Review: Cantolopera is a series that proposes a totally new way to approach the great opera repertoire: versions for voice and piano of the most famous arias, accompanied by a compact disc containing the corresponding orchestral bases, recorded with a 130-piece orchestra, to allow the professional, the student and the opera fan to practice, as well as a version sung by an established artist for reference. Each volume contains the lyrics of the arias plus a short summary and background information on the 'Compagnia d'Opera Italiana' Orchestra and the performers.

Songlist:

Voicing: Tenor
Style: Opera

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8585b | Solo Songbook & CD | $24.95 | SoloOpera Singers


Giuseppe Verdi : Cantolopera - Arias for Tenor Vol. 2

Review: Includes a CD with a full performance with orchestra, as well as a fully-orchestrated accompaniment track. Contains the lyrics of the arias, plus a short plot summary and background information on the orchestra and the performers.

Songlist:

Voicing: Tenor
Style: Opera

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5530b | Solo Songbook & CD | $29.95 | SoloTenor Voices


Giussepi Verdi : Cantolopera - Arias for Bass

Review: Cantolopera is an exceptional series of book/CD packs from Ricordi that offers a fresh approach to great opera repertoire. The books include versions for voice and piano of the world's most famous arias. The CDs feature two versions of each aria: one with a 130-piece orchestra providing accompaniments to allow the professional, student or opera fan to practice, and another sung by an established artist for reference. Each volume contains the lyrics of the arias, plus a short plot summary and background information on the orchestra and the performers.

Songlist:

Voicing: Bass
Style: Opera

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5107b | Solo Songbook & CD | $29.95 | SoloBass Voices


Robert Shaw Chorus : Verdi: Requiem

Review: Having given his lifetime experience and mastery to the great repertory of the choral literature, Robert Shaw addresses one of the greatest challenges of all-Verdi's greatest choral masterwork, the Requiem. Combining a succession of thrilling solo arias, duets and ensembles with some of the most inspiring writing for chorus, the great Italian master produced a unique tribute to the memory of one whom he regarded as a virtual saint: poet and novelist Alexander Manzoni. Balancing the devotional with the theatrical requires the utmost care, but care must also be taken to involve the listener in a continually unfolding drama. Robert Shaw, his expert singers, chorus, and orchestra, have achieved this. But there is more to offer on this superb album. Shaw has set down his interpretation of some of the best-known choruses from five of Verdi's major works - Macbeth, Don Carlo, Otello, Aida and especially, the well-loved Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves from Nabucco.

Songlist:

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7535c | 00 2 CDs | $15.98 | Primarily a cappella


University of New Mexico Concert Choir : Verdi Requiem

Review: The UNM performers were joined by an Italian guest conductor, Stefano Vignati, and soloists Ilaria De Francesco, soprano; Laura Brioli, mezzo soprano; Gian Luca Pasolini, tenor; and Mirco Palazzi, bass. "We record all our performances for archival purposes, but because of the special guest artists and the combination of the chorus and concert choir, we used eight microphones to capture the event. The sound quality is exceptional, especially for a live performance," Ellingboe said.

Songlist:

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8857c | 00 2 CDs | $16.95 | Some a cappella

Compositions ( See Discography.)

Displaying 1-50 of 169 items.

Song NameArrangerComposerArtistRecording TitleFormat
-ConfutatisGiuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
-Dies iraeGiuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
-IngemiscoGiuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
-LacrymosaGiuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
-Liber scriptusGiuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
-Quid sum, miser!Giuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
-RecordareGiuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
-Rex tremendaeGiuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
-Tuba mirumGiuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
"Fuoco di gioia" from OtelloGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
"Gloria all'Egitto" from Aida Giuseppe VerdiRobert ShawGreat Choral Classics 1 CDMORE DETAILS
"Gloria all'Egitto" from AidaGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
"Patria oppressa!" from MacbethGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
"Spuntato ecco" from Don CarlosGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
"Te Deum" from Four Sacred PiecesGiuseppe VerdiRobert ShawGreat Choral Classics 1 CDMORE DETAILS
"Va pensiero" from NabuccoGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
"Witches Chorus" from Macbeth Giuseppe VerdiNebraska Children's ChoirMagnificat 1 CDMORE DETAILS
1. Dies iraeGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
1. Libera meGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
10. LacrimosaGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
2. Dies iraeGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
2. Tuba mirumGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
3. Mors stupebitGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
3. Requiem aeternamGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
4. Liber scriptusGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
4. Libera meGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
5. Quid sum miserGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
6. Rex tremendaeGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
7. RecordareGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
8. IngemiscoGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
9. ConfutatisGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
Addio, del passatoGiuseppe VerdiGiuseppe VerdiCantolopera - Arias for SopranoSolo Songbook & CDMORE DETAILS
Agnus DeiGiuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
Agnus Dei Giuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw ChorusVerdi: Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
Ah fors'? lui che l'animaGiuseppe VerdiMaria Callas Voices of the Opera SeriesSolo SongbookMORE DETAILS
Ah, la paterna mano (Macbeth)Giuseppe VerdiGiuseppe VerdiCantolopera - Arias for TenorSolo Songbook & CDMORE DETAILS
Alle vita che t'arrideGiuseppe VerdiVarious ComposersFamous Baritone AriasSolo Songbook & CDMORE DETAILS
Anvil ChorusGiuseppe VerdiMormon Tabernacle ChoirMore Greatest Hits 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Anvil chorus (Il trovatore)Giuseppe VerdiJohn Rutter (Editor)Opera ChorusesSongbookMORE DETAILS
AttilaGiuseppe VerdiGiussepi VerdiCantolopera - Arias for BassSolo Songbook & CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaGiuseppe VerdiRobert Shaw Festival SingersA Cappella 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaGiuseppe VerdiVarious ComposersCantolopera - Arias for Soprano Vol. 2Solo Songbook & CDMORE DETAILS
Ave MariaGiuseppe VerdiJohn Rutter (Editor)European Sacred MusicSongbookMORE DETAILS
Ave Maria, gratia plenaGiuseppe VerdiEsotericsBeata - Songs to the blessed virgin 1 CDMORE DETAILS
Brindisi (La traviata)Giuseppe VerdiJohn Rutter (Editor)Opera ChorusesSongbookMORE DETAILS
Caro nome che il mio corGiuseppe VerdiGiuseppe VerdiCantolopera - Arias for SopranoSolo Songbook & CDMORE DETAILS
CD 2:Giuseppe VerdiUniversity of New Mexico Concert ChoirVerdi Requiem 2 CDsMORE DETAILS
Celeste AidaGiuseppe VerdiVarious ComposersCantolopera - Arias for Tenor Vol. 2Solo Songbook & CDMORE DETAILS
Celeste Aida (Aida)Giuseppe VerdiGiuseppe VerdiCantolopera - Arias for TenorSolo Songbook & CDMORE DETAILS
Che mai vegg'io!Giuseppe VerdiIvalo Djourov and Nayden TodorovItalian Opera Arias for Bass - BaritoneSolo Songbook & CDMORE DETAILS
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