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Frank Martin

Frank Martin

Born: 1890 Died: 1974

The freelance composer and teacher Frank Martin was born on September 15, 1890, in Geneva and died on December 24, 1974, in Naarden (Holland). Frank Martin was born into a family of hugeunots who fled from the region of Montelimar in 1754 and settled in Geneva. He grew up in Geneva as the son of the vicar Charles Martin and attended the classical college there until completion of his undergraduate studies. Frank Martin learned to play the piano very early. At the age of 12 (1903) he had the opportunity of hearing St. Mathew's Passion by Johann-Sebastien Bach in Geneva. The emotions that Martin felt were very decisive and influenced his first compositions. Frank Martin never attended a conservatory but studied composition from 1906 onwards under Joseph Lauber (1864-1952) who had taught in Geneva since 1901. From 1908 onwards he studied (for two years) mathematics and physics at the University of Geneva but did not complete these studies, choosing instead to devote himself entirely to music. His first success came in 1911: his 'Trois poemes paiens' (1910) were performed at the Festival of Musicians in Vevey. Hans Huber (1852-1921) and Friedrich Klose (1862-1942) encouraged him to continue with his compositions.

In 1918 Martin married Odette Micheli who gave birth to their son Renaud in 1922. The following years were determined by numerous travels. The couple lived in Zurich between October 1918 and June 1920, for a certain time in Rome and thereafter in Paris. During the season 1924/1925 Martin was responsible for the scenic music of a marionett theatre in Paris which went bankrupt shortly after. He had little contact with other composers other than Arthur Honegger, Benjamin Britten and Marcel Mihalovici. It was around this time that his relationship with Odette began to crumble, ending with a divorce in 1930. In 1931 he married Irene Gardian. This marriage, which resulted in the birth of three daughters; Francoise (1932), Pernette (1935) and Adrienne (1937), saw a tragic end in 1939 when Irene died of septicemea. Frank Martin contributed heavily to the music scene of Geneva. In 1926 he founded the 'Societe de Musique de chambre' (Chamber Music Society) of Geneva which he conducted as a pianist and harpsichordist. He also wrote for the 'Tribune de Geneve' as a music critic. His extensive activities were rewarded with the position of the professor of chamber music at the conservatory in Geneva from 1930 until 1933 and from 1941 until 1946. In 1926 Martin became acquainted with Emile Jaques-Dalcroze (1865-1950) and his institute of eurythmics and music pedagogy. He studied there for two years before teaching rhythm theory and improvisation there himself from 1928 until 1938. He was unable to succeed Emile Jaques-Dalcroze in 1950 due to his position in Cologne. In 1933 he became the artistic director of the 'Technicum Moderne de Musique', a private music school founded by Zina and Serge Popovitzky in Geneva where he taught harmony, composition and chamber music. The school closed in 1940 due to bad management and the threat of war. The last diploma was given to the Dutch flautist Maria Boeke who married Martin in 1940.

Martin became acquainted with Arnold Schoenberg's theory of dodecaphony following 1933. His Concerto I for Piano and Orchestra (1933-1934), world premiered in 1936, bears witness to his profound interest in this technique. From 1940 onwards his compositions began receiving national recognition: 'l'Oratorio Le vin herbe' written for Robert Blum (1900-1994) and his 'Choeur madrigal de Zurich'. International renown followed with his 'Petite symphonie concertante' (1944-1945), commissioned by Paul Sacher and world premiered in 1946. In 1940 Martin signed a contract with Universal Edition in Vienna. In 1942 he was elected president of 'l'Association des Musiciens Suisses' (Association of Swiss Musicians) later the 'Association Suisse des Musiciens' (Swiss Association of Musicians). Other distinctions followed (1947: compositions prize of the Association of Swiss Musicians, 1949: doctor honoris causa from the University of Geneva) and bore witness to his ever increasing renown. In 1946 his family settled in Amsterdam where Martin composed the oratorio-passion 'Golgotha' (1945-1948) and fathered two children Jan Frank (1946) and Anne-Therese (1949). Between 1950 and 1957 Martin taught composition at the music school in Cologne after succeeding Philipp Jarnach (1892-1982). One of his students was Karlheinz Stockhausen. In 1956 the Martins left Amsterdam for Naarden. This was the period during which his famous works for musical theatre saw their world premiere; the National Opera in Vienna premiered the opera 'La tempete' (1952-1955), 'Le Mystere de la Nativite' (1957-1959) was premiered in Salzburg in 1960. The final years of the composer, during which he travelled to the United States and Israel, were extremely productive and inspired.

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Sixteen : Frank Martin : 00  1 CD : Harry Christophers : Frank Martin : 16029

Sixteen : Frank Martin

Review: Frank Martin was arguably Switzerland's greatest composer. His shimmering Mass for Double Choir, completed in 1926 as 'an affair between God and himself', is one of the finest settings of the 20th century, yet it had to wait forty-one years to be shared with others in its first performance. This collection of his choral music also includes his cantata for Switzerland's National Day and the Ode to Music, along with some charming part-songs. Eclectic and technically superb these pieces display a style that is serenely individual.

Songlist: Cantate pour le 1er Aot, Janeton, Petite eglise, Si Charlotte avait voulu, Come unto these yellow sands, Full fathom five, Before you can say, You are three men of sin, Where the bee sucks, Sonnet, Le coucou, Ode, Le petit village, Ode a la Musique, Kyrie eleison, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Benedictus, Agnus Dei

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7897c | 1 CD $16.98 add item to cart English Choral CDs

Related Items ( See Featured Items )

Displaying 1-50 of 58 items.

Song NameArrangerComposerArtistItem TitleFormatTrax
Agnus Dei Frank MartinRobert Shaw Festival SingersEvocation of the Spirit 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Agnus Dei Frank MartinDale Warland SingersCathedral Classics 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Agnus Dei Frank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Agnus Dei Frank MartinVasari SingersRequiem Aeternam 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Agnus Dei Frank MartinSixteenSounds Sublime - The Essential Collection 2 CDsMORE DETAILS 
Agnus DeiFrank MartinConcordia ChoirFaire is the Heaven 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Agnus Dei - Messe pour double choeurFrank MartinEsotericsAntiphonia - Masterpieces for double chorus 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Ave Maria: O Auctrix VitaeFrank MartinBemidji Choir and Chamber SingersThere's Room For All 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Before you can sayFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
BenedictusFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Cantate pour le 1er AotFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Come unto these yellow sandsFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
CredoFrank MartinDale Warland SingersCathedral Classics 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
CredoFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
CredoFrank MartinVasari SingersRequiem Aeternam 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Credo - Messe pour double choeurFrank MartinEsotericsAntiphonia - Masterpieces for double chorus 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Full fathom fiveFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
GloriaFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
GloriaFrank MartinVasari SingersRequiem Aeternam 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Gloria (from the Messe)Frank MartinUniversity of Miami ChoraleLove Of My Soul 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Gloria - Messe pour double choeurFrank MartinEsotericsAntiphonia - Masterpieces for double chorus 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Gloria1Frank MartinDale Warland SingersCathedral Classics 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
I. KyrieFrank MartinRobert Shaw Festival SingersEvocation of the Spirit 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
II. GloriaFrank MartinRobert Shaw Festival SingersEvocation of the Spirit 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
III. CredoFrank MartinRobert Shaw Festival SingersEvocation of the Spirit 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
In PaceFrank MartinPhoenix Bach ChoirEternal RestSACDMORE DETAILS 
IV. SanctusFrank MartinRobert Shaw Festival SingersEvocation of the Spirit 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
JanetonFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
KyrieFrank MartinDale Warland SingersCathedral Classics 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Kyrie Frank MartinRobert Shaw Festival SingersA Cappella 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Kyrie eleisonFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Kyrie ElesionFrank MartinVasari SingersRequiem Aeternam 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Kyrie- Messe pour double choeurFrank MartinEsotericsAntiphonia - Masterpieces for double chorus 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Le coucouFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Le petit villageFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
MassFrank MartinVasari SingersRequiem Aeternam 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Mass for Double Choir AgnusFrank MartinSt. Olaf ChoirRepertoire for Mixed Voices Vol. 1 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Mass for Double Choir SanctusFrank MartinSt. Olaf ChoirRepertoire for Mixed Voices Vol. 1 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Mass: SanctusFrank MartinRobert ShawGloria: Music of Praise & Inspiration 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
O Tod, Wie Bitter Bist DuFrank MartinConcordia ChoirIn The New Moon 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
OdeFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Ode a la MusiqueFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Petite egliseFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
SanctusFrank MartinDale Warland SingersCathedral Classics 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
SanctusFrank MartinSixteenFrank Martin 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
SanctusFrank MartinVasari SingersRequiem Aeternam 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
SanctusFrank MartinUniversity of Louisville Cardinal SingersA Time To Cherish 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Sanctus (from Mass)Frank MartinLuther College Nordic ChoirWe Sing With Joy 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Sanctus (from Mass)Frank MartinMillikin University ChoirsOn Tour 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
Sanctus (from the Messe)Frank MartinUniversity of Miami ChoraleLove Of My Soul 1 CDMORE DETAILS 
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